Nepal - General Information
Nepal is a small country in south Asia situated between two giant nations, India and China( Tibet). This tiny Himalayan Kingdom lived virtually isolated from the outside world for centuries, with its untouched massive mountains, green terraced foot hills, thick JungleMount Everest (Nepal) terrain, awe-inspiring white rivers, and of course its people, who with their rich and colorful culture remain as beautiful as their natural surroundings. Nepal is a trekker's paradise.
It offers the most spectacular mountains scenery in the world with more than a dozen of the highest mountains on earth including The highest mountain Mt. Everest. Nepal is also the home of one Asia 's richest and most spectacular wild life sanctuaries. The Royal Chit wan National Park and Bardiya National park , includes the rare great one Horned Rhino, several species of deer, sloth bear, wild boar, fresh water dolphin, leopard, crocodile, over 450 species of exotic birds and the Royal Bengal Tiger.
This charming country presents a very rich culture preserved and maintained intact for centuries by its beautiful people. Nepal is the birthplace of "Lord Buddha" who enlightened the entire world with his message of universal peace, compassion and humanity. The unique culture that have developed from the marriage of two major religion of the world "Buddhism Hinduism".Nepal is a haven for adventure in the Himalayas and its has drawn hundreds of Expeditions from all over the world to conquer its high mountains. Since the historic conquest of Mt. Everest, the highest mountain on earth, Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzin Norgay Sharpa in the early 50's Nepal's mountain have been scaled again and again by expedition from all over the world.
We invite you to join us on a visit to take you to exotic destination in the Himalayas. Where you will appreciate the spectacular mountains, stunning scenery, contact with local people who truly enjoy sharing their experiences with you and the opportunity to explore unique traditional cultures.
We give you a unique glimpse of a real untouched paradise. Here is your dream of Shangri-La which comes true when you open your hearts to us we have a professional trekking agency, specialize in giving you Nepal the way you want to see it. We tailor make trekking requirements with a team of well experienced hands
History of Nepal for centuries the Kingdom of Nepal remained divided into many principalities. Kirats ruled in the east, the Newars in the Kathmandu Valley, while Gurungs and Magars occupied the mid-west.
The Kirats ruled from 300 BC and during their reign, Emperor Ashoka arrived from India to build a pillar at Lumbini in memory of Lord Buddha. The Kirats were followed by the Lichchhavis whose descendants today are believed to be the Newars of the Kathmandu Valley. During this period, art thrived in Nepal and many of the beautiful woodcarvings and sculptures that are found in the country belong to this era. With the end of the Lichchhavi dynasty, Malla kings came to power in 1200 AD and they also contributed tremendously to Nepal's art and culture.
However, after almost 600 years of rule, the kings were not united among themselves and during the late 18th century, Prithvi Narayan Shah, King of Gorkha, conquered Kathmandu and united Nepal into one Kingdom. Recognizing the threat of the British Raj in India, he dismissed European missionaries from the country and for more than a century, Nepal remained in isolation. During the mid-19th century, Jung Bahadur Rana became Nepal's first Prime Minister to wield absolute power. He set up an oligarchy and the Shah kings remained figureheads. The Ranas were overthrown in a democracy movement of the early 1950s.
Today, Nepal enjoys a multiparty democratic system with a constitutional Monarch.
The Kingdom of Nepal covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers, and stretches 145-241 kilometers north to south and 850 kilometers west to east. The country is located between India in the south and China in the north. At latitudes 26 and 30 degrees north and longitudes 80 and 88 degrees east, Nepal is topographically divided into three regions: the Himalayas to the north, the hills consisting of the Mahabharat range and the Churia Hills in the middle, and the Terai to the south. Elevations are varied in the kingdom. The highest point is Mt. Everest (8848 m) in the north and the lowest point (70 meters above sea level) is located at Kechana Kalan of Jhapa District. Altitude increases as you travel south to north. To the north temperatures are below -40 degrees Celsius and in the Terai, temperatures rise to 40 degrees Celsius in the summer. During June, July and August, the kingdom is influenced by monsoon clouds.
The population of Nepal is estimated at around 20 million. Nepal has an assortment of races and tribes, of varying colors and contrasts; living in different geographic regions; wearing various costumes and speaking different dialects. The people live under quite diverse geographic conditions, from low land in the south, northwards through the middle hills and valleys, to the high Himalayan alpine patches.
Nepal is a developing country with an agricultural economy. In recent years, the country's efforts to expand into manufacturing industries and other technological sectors have achieved much progress. Farming is the main economic activity followed by manufacturing, trade and tourism. The chief sources of foreign currency earnings are merchandise export, services, tourism and Gurkha remittances. The annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is about US$ 4.3 billion.
Eight out of 10 Nepalese are engaged in farming and it accounts for more than 40% of the GDP. Rolling fields and neat terraces can be seen all over the Terai flatlands and the hills of Nepal. Even in the highly urbanized Kathmandu Valley, large tracts of land outside the city areas are devoted to farming. Rice is the staple diet in Nepal and around three million tons are produced annually. Other major crops are maize, wheat, millet and barley. Besides food grains, cash crops like sugarcane, oil seeds, tobacco and jute are cultivated.
Religious practices are an important part of the lives of the Nepalese people. Mythologies of various Hindu gods and goddesses are found in abundance in this country and cultural values are based on the philosophies of holy books like the Gita, Ramayana, etc.
In Nepal, Hinduism and Buddhism are the two main religions. The two have co-existed down the ages and many Hindu temples share the same complex as Buddhist shrines. Hindu and Buddhist worshippers may regard the same god with different names while performing religious rites.
Though Nepal is the only Hindu Kingdom in the world, many other religions like Islam, Christianity and Bon are practiced here. Some of the earliest inhabitants like the Kirats practice their own kind of religion based on ancestor worship, and the Tharus practice animism. Over the years, Hinduism and Buddhism have been influenced by these practices, which have been modified to form a synthesis of newer beliefs.
Getting to Nepal
By Air: The Royal Nepal Airline is the national flag carrier of Nepal with flights To/From Delhi, Hong Kong, Mumbai, Osaka, Shanghai and Singapore. Other international Airlines operating From/To Katmandu are Biman Bangladesh Airlines (Dacca), China South-west Airline (Lhasa), Gulf Air (Abu Dhabi), Indian airlines Delhi, Calcutta, Thai Airline (Bangkok) Transavia (Amsterdam via Sharjah) well now have many flights connection from around the world More Flights Schedule
By Land: Some of visitors entering Nepal by land Must use no other entry points other than Kakarbhita, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, Mahendra Nagar and Kodari (China Border)
You could travel to Kathmandu via Bangkok, Hong Kong and Singapore. There are daily flights to Kaathmandu from bankgkok.
If in India, you can fly to Nepal from Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Banglore and Varanasi. There is the spectacular flight from Lhasa to Kathmandu on Saturdays, Tuesdays and Thrusdays operated by China Southwest Airlines. You can also fly Druk Air from Paro in Bhutan, or take a flight from Dhaka, Bangladesh.
From Europe and Middle East
RNAC operates flights into and out of London and Paris via Dubai and Frankfurt.
Pakistan International, Bangladesh Biman and Aeroflot have one-airline service from Europe to Kathmandu.The other option are the charter companies - LTU operates a weekly flight from Germany to Kathmandu during winters.
From North America
You could fly to Nepal via India or alternatively via Bangkok or Hong Kong. RNAC’s Osaka flight makes good connections with North American flights.