Sikkim - General Information
Sikkim's greatest incitement is mountains. Dominating them all and presided over the terrain Sikkim with immense dignity is Khangchendzonga, 8585m. The unspoilt natural splendor and tranquility of the countryside has made certain regions ideal for trekking.
To the adventure lovers trekking in Sikkim is an experience of many dimensions. For sheer exhilaration nothing can match the view of the mountains, which seem to reach the heaven. As you wander up lush green trails you begin to amaze and wonder at the unspoilt natural splendor and dramatic terrain. You may chance upon the shy Musk Deer or wave out to the exotic Red Panda perched among the treetops. Revel in the excitement of being part of a unique culture, a rich tapestry woven with legends, myths, rituals and festivals.
Trekking tour with Adarsh Tours & Travels takes you to Gangtok-a bustling town with the blend of tradition and modernity & further to famous Rumtek & Phodong monastery and finally to the wind swept top of Gochala-La. Sikkim is interlaced with jungle-clad ridges and deep ravines created by the raising torrent of the mountain river's speed and emerald valleys alternating with terraced hillsides & dense forest.
The waterfalls, rivulets, lakes the abundance of Orchids & Rhododendrons all embellish the land but the glory of Sikkim is the snow capped mountains which girdle it in a protective embrace.
COME! UNFOLD THE WONDER THAT IS SIKKIM.
| Getting to Sikkim
Jet Airways and Indian Airlines operate flights from Delhi, Kolkata and Guwahati to Bagdogra. From the airport one can take a taxi to the campus at Majitar, Rangpo - the drive takes about three hours. One can also use
the services of charter helicopters to travel between Gangtok and Bagdogra.
||One can travel by train from any part of the country to New Jalpaiguri or Siliguri. From here the journey to the campus, which takes 3 hours, can be made by bus or taxi.
||Long distance buses ply from major towns in West Bengal and Assam to Siliguri. The journey from Siliguri to the campus can be made by taxi or bus via the Himalayan foothills along the Teesta and Rangit rivers and passing through the towns of Teestabazar, Melli and Rangpo.
Flora and Fauna
Because of the altitude that varies right from sea level to summits that touch the skies, the flora and fauna naturally covers a wide spectrum. Nowhere in the world in such a small area can one find flora and fauna of all varieties - Tropical to the Alpines. Sikkim's botanical and zoological richness is awe- inspiring, boasting of more than 4000 species of plants and 30% of all the birds found in the Indian sub-continent. No wonder Sikkim has been a dream of naturalists. Dr. J. Hooker during the middle of the last century surveyed in the detail the botanical wealth in Sikkim and his findings were embodied in the publication 'Himalayan Journal' that is still considered as an authoritative document. Dr. Salim Ali an ornithologist has given a detailed account on birds in his book 'The birds of Sikkim'. Besides these there are many books available on the flora & fauna of sikkim.
The lowlands in the south, 800'to 5000', experience a tropical climate; lush vegetation such as figs, laurel, Sal trees and bamboos have been cleared in some areas for farming. The temperate forest of oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia and silver fir dominates between 5000; and 13000. Above 13000, is the alpine zone where juniper, cypresses and rhododendrons grow. The perpetual snowline lies at 16000'. Luxuriant forests cover 36% of the land, more than 4000 species of plant have been recorded in Sikkim. Over 600 species of orchids grow in Sikkim, Epiphytal and terrestrial types, in the tropical and temperate zones. 35 species of rhododendrons grow in temperate and alpine regions, their flowering from May to August colours hillsides.
Amongst the mammals of Sikkim are the rare Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Red panda, Musk Deer and Blue Sheep.